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The Sensorial exercises are comprised of a series of objects that are grouped together because they share a physical, palpable quality such as size, shape, sound or color. Each piece of sensorial material is designed to emphasize one salient quality but in different degrees that are perceptually observable. Learning to perceive minute differences between objects is an important byplay of the sensorial apparatus. To train a child’s senses is to create an astute observer. 

Practice at judging, classifying and discriminating gives a perceptual “alphabet” with which a child can organize his/her mind and world. Montessori sensorial materials offer a wealth of concrete objects to manipulate that sequentially lead to abstract concepts. This is a long process, but the sensorial equipment provides “materialized abstractions” that are the groundwork for the concepts of number and numeral. The sensorial area gives the child a perceptual idea of basic Mathematics. It is indirect preparation for the Mathematics area, Language area (sound discrimination, visual perception, eye-hand coordination) and the Cultural area (awareness of classification.)